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작성자  simonshin 작성일  2017.09.06 19:22 조회수 782 추천 0
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 신현근 박사 강의안: 신경증적 갈등이 주는 고통  
 

과목: 신경증 이론

주제: 신경증적 갈등이 주는 고통

교수: 신현근 박사

내용: 강의안


교재: Horney, K. (1945). Our inner conflicts: A constructive theory of neurosis. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Poignancy of Neurotic Conflicts


1.      Conflicts

1.1.   It is not neurotic to have conflicts.

1.2.   Conflicts within ourselves are an integral part of human life.

 

2.      Choice and conflicts

2.1.   An animal’s actions are largely determined by instinct.

2.2.   It is the prerogative as well as the burden of human beings to be able to exert choice, to have to make decisions.

2.3.   The kind, scope, and intensity of conflicts are largely determined by the civilization in which we live.

2.4.   Most people are not aware of the conflicts, and consequently do not resolve them by any clear decision.

2.5.   They make compromises without being aware of doing so; they are involved in contradictions without knowing it.

 

3.      Preconditions for recognizing contradictory issues and for making decisions on that basis.

3.1.   We must be aware of what our wishes are, or even more, of what our feelings are.

3.2.   Since conflicts often have to do with convictions, beliefs, or moral values, their recognition would presuppose that we have developed own set of values.

3.3.   Even if we recognize a conflict, we must be willing and able to renounce one of the contradictory issues.

3.4.   To make a decision presupposes the willingness and capacity to assume responsibility for it.

3.4.1.      This would include the risk of making a wrong decision and the willingness to bear the consequences without blaming others for them.

3.4.2.      It would involve feeling, “This is my choice, my doing,” and presupposes more inner strength and independence than most people apparently have nowadays.

 

4.       Experiencing conflicts

4.1.   Experiencing conflicts knowingly, though it may be distressing, can be an invaluable asset.

4.2.   The more we face our own conflicts and seek out our own solutions, the more inner freedom and strength we will gain.

4.3.   When conflicts center about the primary issues of life, it is all the more difficult to face them and resolve them.

4.4.   A realization of the significance of the factors involved in choice would give us ideals to survive for, and in that a direction for our lives.

 

5.      Essential characteristics of neurotic conflicts

5.1.   The factors involved in the conflict show absolute incompatibility.

5.2.   The whole conflict remains unconscious.

5.2.1.      The contradictory tendencies operating in it are not recognized but are deeply repressed.

5.2.2.      Only slight bubbles of the battle raging within reach the surface.

5.2.3.      The emotional factors are rationalized.

5.3.   The tendencies in both directions are compulsive.

5.4.   A normal conflict can be entirely conscious; a neurotic conflict in all its essential element is always unconscious.

 

6.      Normal conflict

6.1.   The normal conflict is concerned with an actual choice between two possibilities, both of which the person finds really desirable, or between convictions, both of which he really values.

6.2.   It is therefore possible for him to arrive at a feasible decision even though it may be hard on him and require a renunciation of some kind.

 

7.      Neurotic conflict

7.1.   The neurotic person engulfed in a conflict is not free to choose.

7.2.   He is driven by equally compelling forces in opposite directions, neither of which he wants to follow.

7.3.   Hence a decision in the usual sense ids impossible.

7.4.   He is stranded, with no way out.

7.5.   The conflict can only be resolved by working at the neurotic trends involved, and by so changing his relations with others and with himself that he can dispense with the trends altogether.

 

8.       Poignancy of neurotic conflicts

8.1.   Not only are the neurotic conflicts difficult to recognize, not only do they render a person helpless, but they have as well a disruptive force of which he has good reason to be afraid.

8.2.   Unless we know these characteristics and keep them in mind, we shall not understand the desperate attempts at solution which the neurotic enters upon, and which constitute a major part of a neurosis.

 

 
 
 
 
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